I guess it’s hard to imagine that today someone doesn’t know what Types of Cycling is. Of course it can also happen that we don’t have a real notion of what it is or what it encompasses. Because.
If I tell you “Cycling,” what do you think of? Surely you are among that majority that has come to mind a multicolored squad or has thought of figures like Indurain, Froome, Pantani or a host of other cyclists, each according to their time.
But what is Cycling really? Well, with your permission and using World Bike Day as an excuse, today we are going to talk about it Cycling.
Competition cycling is a sport in which it is possible to use different types of bicycles depending on the type or type of discipline of the cycling being practiced.
These modalities in which different types of bicycles are used are: road, track, mountain, trial, Cross and Bicycle Motocross cycling.
Types of Cycling:
Tests such as the following are developed on roads with asphalt, classic tests, which are one-day tests, stage tests consisting of completing the established tests in the shortest time, for this there are at least 2 days distributed in stages times , closed circuit tests, individual and team time trials and time trial climbs.
As we mentioned at the beginning, Road Cycling or Road Cycling is surely the best known. At the end of the day, when a certain time comes we see continuous tests of this modality on TV, especially the 3 great tests: Tour of Italy , Tour de France and Tour of Spain . So it’s hard not to know him, at least by sight.
Road Cycling consists of traveling a certain distance through the road, usually paved and with assistance from the teams at all times.
There are tests of a single day and races by stages whose duration is variable and whose result is accumulating during the days that it lasts.
There are stages against the clock (where the cyclist runs alone trying to mark the minimum possible time) or the road itself where all cyclists depart at the same time and whoever arrives before wins. In some as in others, especially in the latter, there are different degrees of demand according to different factors.
They are those that are carried out in the velodromes (artificial track spaces) with bicycles designed for that type of floor.
The different tests that can be carried out in this mode are the following, individual and team speed, time trial, individual and team chase, among others.
When talking about track cycling, we are referring to that cycling test whose characteristic is that it is played on a velodrome and with track bicycles , the same ones that are somewhat higher than those on the road, this to avoid friction in The turns.
The track bicycles do not have brakes or changes, they have a fixed sprocket, this implies that the pedals will continue moving until the wheel is paralyzed , having to brake using a bit of force for the opposite pedaling sector .
The mountain biking takes place on a mountain bike, or also BTT (Mountain Biking) over mountainous terrain.It should be mentioned that, in addition, they are true resistance exercises in which the term is used to the other terrains.
In addition to the road cycling, already mentioned, there is mountain biking that takes place in mountainous places including streams, sandy, stony floors, with holes, branches, slopes, etc.
They are classified as: Cross Country, free descent, marathon, slalom, jumps and ascents, which is why for the road cycling you need bicycles called BTT (All-terrain bicycles).
This modality was born in the twentieth century and develops on asphalt roads and meadows with obstacles of either the same nature or placed by man who must even get off the bike the athlete to overcome it. The characteristics of these road bikes are their wheels, which are wider to deal with the earth.
The cycle-cross or cyclocross is a cycling discipline, which consists of executing an established number of turns to a circuit that has sections of asphalt, roads and meadows, in addition to a series of difficulties, whether natural or artificial, which require that the rider has to get off the bike to overcome them.
Those who dominate this modality are those of northern Europe, mainly the Dutch and Belgians. Some highlights have been: André Dufraisse, Eric de Vlaeminck, Roland Liboton.
The bicycle for this competition is similar to the one used in road tests, but with some differences.
This modality was born from the derivation of the motorcycle trial and it is that whoever drives the bike must overcome all obstacles (barrels, rocks, vehicles, etc.) with the minimum support of the feet on the ground.
It is made up of three types of cycling categories that vary in the inches of the wheels. There are those of 20th, 24th and 26th inches, the one of 20th that is the original measure of this sport discipline, the one of 24th that is an accepted and improved middle category of the original version and the one of 26th ”that is the large category .
The difference of this bike to the original 20th ”bicycle is that it allows to overcome many larger obstacles due to the size of the wheel.
The cycling trial is a way of mountain biking, which comes from motorcycle trials. In this test, the participant must avoid obstacles or hindrances by himself without reaching his feet on the ground.
It is necessary to indicate that, Spain is the cradle of this sport and it is likely that it was invented by Father Pedro Pi, who was a world motorcycle trial champion.
In a cycling trial the general principle is to make a tour of a number of pre-established sections. Usually, they are two rounds of ten sections or three rounds of seven sections. The winner is the one who accumulates the most points at the end of the competition.
It has two BMX Race and Freestyle modes. The first is developed with circuits with obstacles and the second is to perform tricks with the bicycle; both on the ramp and on the streets.
The bicycle has become the means of urban transport par excellence , mostly for routes below six kilometers. In addition, one of the great advantages of urban cycling for our daily life is that it stimulates the improvement of the quality of life.
Most likely, the bicycle is the most common means of urban transport in the world. In countries like India, China, Cuba, Holland and France, urban cycling is a very important form of transport.
Currently, the number of bicycles that exist in the world is unknown , but it is estimated that they are manufactured around twice as many bicycles as cars.
The cycling is something special within the modalities of cycling. It is an activity that harmonizes physical action and tourism.
The cicloturismo lies on walking in bicycle visiting the various places which is passing. This activity is carried out not for competition but for pleasure, which is why it cannot be considered as a sports practice.
In case you did not know, you can make trips of all kinds of duration, both in the day as well as several weeks, months or years.
A person who enjoys a prudent physical form and possessing a fully equipped bicycle , can reach distances ranging from 50 to 150 km. per day, yes, depending on the kind of terrain you travel.
To know more about Cycling you can check here: 11 types of cyclist we all know