If you say you work in a health center, most people think of a hospital or clinic, but even a brief look at the health industry will show that there are many options that may not be in the mind.
As more people seek accurate, holistic and cost-effective types of health care, the health industry is opening new options and expanding its reach.
Specialized clinics and outpatient centers seem to help ease the burden of hospitals, and more and more long-term care facilities are increasing to accommodate patients who need months or years of assisted healing.
Many people do not think twice about these facilities unless they need them. But medical care is a career career destination for many, and it is good to know more about the facilities where you can end up working if you choose to pursue a health care career.
So let’s take a closer look at some of the most common settings in which you can work as a health professional.
Types of health care facilities:
Ambulatory surgical centers:
Outpatient surgical centers, also called outpatient surgical facilities, allow patients to receive certain surgical procedures outside the hospital environment.
These environments often offer surgeries at a lower cost than hospitals, while reducing the risk of exposure to infection, since patients are there to undergo surgery, not to recover from a disease or illness.
Outpatient surgery centers do not provide diagnostic services or clinic hours. Instead, they accept patients who have been referred for surgery by a hospital or doctor; They are designed to be “all business” in regards to surgical care.
A maternity center is a birth care center that focuses on the midwifery model, according to the American Association of Childbirth Centers. Its objective is to create a birth environment that feels more comfortable for the mother and that allows a profitable and inclusive birth for the family.
Childbirth centers are not usually equipped with the same contingency team and personnel as a hospital, such as surgeons in case of a C-section or a neonatal intensive care unit. As a result, maternity centers accommodate only healthy pregnancies without any known risk or complication factors.
These facilities are guided by the principles of prevention, sensitivity, safety, profitability and appropriate medical intervention when necessary.
Blood banks allow donors to donate blood and platelets while storing and classifying blood into components that patients can use more effectively.
Sometimes patients need these particular components specifically, and sometimes they just need a lot of blood. For example, a single victim of a car accident may require up to 100 pints of blood.
Blood is essential for human life and cannot be manufactured, just donated. Then, these facilities work to build the supply for patients who need it.
Clinics and medical offices:
There are many health care facilities that fit that definition in a wide variety of treatment specialties.
Many people go to a clinic for medical appointments and routine checkups. These health care facilities can be the private practice of a doctor, a group practice setting or a corporate property clinic that can be connected to a larger health care system or hospital.
Clinics cover a lot of ground in health care. For example, you can visit a dental clinic for a toothache, a physiotherapy clinic to recover from a sports injury, or a pediatric speech therapy clinic to help your child overcome a joint disorder.
If there is a specialized health area for which you need to see an expert, then it is most likely that there is a clinic somewhere to accommodate you. The objective of these clinics is to provide people with preventive care and important diagnoses with the greatest possible comfort.
This objective has also led to the “no appointment” clinics being located in supermarkets and convenience stores, shopping centers and even airports. These clinics allow patients to get a flu shot or receive a prescription without making an appointment at their doctor’s office.
While many medical providers believe that a continuous relationship with a provider is better for patients’ long-term health, speed, comfort and, sometimes, the lower cost of a clinic without an appointment may be ideal for a need fast.
Diabetes education centers:
Diabetes is a very serious disease in the United States. More than 32 million people have diabetes and many of them do not know, report the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). In addition, more than a third of the national population has a high risk of diabetes, in a condition called prediabetes.
Patients with diabetes need to control the disease and, in general, make lifestyle adjustments to avoid life-threatening. Since diabetes is so widespread, diabetes education centers emerged to help patients manage their disease and help people at risk of diabetes avoid it, if possible.
Diabetes education centers generally offer classes, education, support groups and a variety of resources to help patients control their diabetes and live as free from complications as possible.
Patients with kidney disease often need regular dialysis treatments. Dialysis is a process that filters and cleanses blood artificially, the work normally done by the kidneys. About 14 percent of world have chronic kidney disease.
When the kidneys cannot filter the blood as they are supposed to, the patients may need dialysis up to three times a week to avoid serious complications. With such a high demand, dialysis facilities were raised to meet the needs of patients and avoid excessive tension in hospitals.
Hospice can be a particularly confusing title. It represents an insurance benefits package that deals with an end-of-life trajectory.
It also represents a philosophy of providing care for dying patients, as well as official networks that offer hospice care. Hospice is also a designation for specific health care facilities that specialize in end-of-life care.
Hospice types of care is a model that provides not only medical support, but also emotional and even spiritual support for patients and their families.
According to the national palliative and hospice organization, a patient with palliative care has a team of care providers composed of the patient’s personal physician, a hospice physician, nurses, home health aides, social workers, clerics or other counselors and physical or occupational advisors. Therapists, if necessary.
Although patients can receive palliative care at home, if their medical needs are significant, they could live in a nursing home with palliative care or in a specific palliative home.
Hospitals are the best “general” health centers. Its services can vary greatly depending on its size and location, but the goal of a hospital is to save lives. Hospitals generally have a wide range of units that can be freely divided into intensive and non-intensive care units.
Intensive types of care units deal with emergencies and the most serious illnesses and injuries. Patients with imminent life-threatening problems go here.
Non-intensive care units include things such as childbirth, surgeries, rehabilitation, reducing units for patients who have just received intensive care treatment and many others. In general, most hospital beds could be classified as non-intensive care.
Imaging and radiology centers:
These facilities, like their hospital counterparts, offer diagnostic imaging services to patients. Diagnostic images include CT scans, ultrasounds, x-rays, MRIs and more.
While hospitals and even clinics have imaging centers, outpatient facilities help keep costs lower and allow more convenient programming for patients.
Hospital facilities are likely to handle images for urgent cases, such as an MRI for brain injury. But any image that can be programmed in advance, such as ultrasound to control a pregnancy, could be done in an imaging center.
Mental health and addiction treatment centers:
This type of health care facility is a grouping for many different types of facilities. There are specialized treatment centers throughout the United States for specific mental health problems and addictions.
Mental health treatment facilities sometimes exist as a general institution for any mental health problem and are sometimes specialized.
Examples of such facilities are the treatment of suicidal thoughts (or suicidal ideation), treatment of depression, trauma treatment and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), treatment of anxiety disorders, behavioral disorders and more.
At the level of acute care, you can find mental health rooms in hospitals, as well as hospitals specifically dedicated to mental health and long-term care facilities.
Addiction treatment centers generally deal with drug and alcohol addictions, as well as problematic behavioral addictions such as gambling, work, shopping or the Internet.
Nursing homes offer a living situation for patients whose medical needs are not serious enough to be hospitalized, but are too serious to handle at home. Some nursing homes offer services for more serious medical needs, such as speech and occupational therapy.
Other nursing homes try to create a homely environment and can function as an apartment complex with medical staff at hand.
These facilities offer long-term medical care ranging from simple levels of need to complex ones in an environment created for residents to live long term rather than just staying a few weeks or months.
Many people imagine elderly patients in a nursing home. For the most part it is true: more than 80 percent of patients are over 65 years old.
Orthopedic and other rehabilitation centers:
Orthopedic medicine deals with muscles and bones. Physiotherapists are usually practicing patients looking for problems in these areas of the body. If you experience chronic lower back pain, for example, you can see a physical therapist at an orthopedic center or clinic to get a diagnosis and a treatment plan.
Orthopedic centers take care of everything from sports injuries to therapy for patients with disabilities. They usually offer evaluation and diagnosis of the problem, as well as prevention, treatment and rehabilitation work involving bone, tendon, ligament, muscle and joint conditions.
These health facilities have a variety of names according to their specialization. They could simply be called outpatient physiotherapy centers. Or you can find pediatric physiotherapy clinics, sports medicine centers or geriatric physiotherapy clinics.
There are also rehabilitation centers where patients can receive various therapies to help restore their skills after illness or injury. Physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy are processes that help people acquire or recover the skills they need to move, work or talk in daily life.
Practitioners in rehabilitation centers work with people to help them recover as much mobility and independence as possible. Outpatient rehabilitation centers can relieve tension in hospital rehabilitation floors.
There are urgent care facilities (UR) for on-demand medical care needs that are not serious enough for the emergency room, but are too serious or worrying to wait for a scheduled appointment at the doctor’s office.
Urgent care is a common option when children get sick, for example, and need immediate diagnosis or symptom relief.
UR providers are experts in acute care. They can establish broken bones and treat limb fractures; diagnose a viral disease; perform strep tests, blood tests and urine tests and provide treatment for injuries.
If a problem is too serious, urgent care professionals will call an ambulance or refer patients to a hospital or specialist.
While telehealth is not really a type of health care facility, it is worth mentioning its potential for serious growth in the coming years. Telehealth, telemedicine and remote medical care can represent a digital type of health care facility.
Telehealth refers to the use of electronic communication technology to facilitate long-distance health care and health education, according to the Federal Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).
Many people lack easy access to doctors and specialized clinics. Whether through their physical location, physical capacity, living situation or transportation options, many patients have difficulty reaching a face-to-face medical professional.
These limitations of the patient, the impulse to reduce costs in medical care and new technological capabilities have come together to motivate telehealth applications. This might seem like a live videoconference between the patient and the doctor. Or a patient with a disease could use a device to allow remote monitoring of their medical equipment.
For fleet consultations, telehealth can be an ideal option even for patients with easy access to their doctors.
To know more about Healthcare Facilities you can check here: 14 Types of Healthcare Facilities Where Medical Professionals Provide Care