Smoke detectors are installed in apartments and houses across the country and save lives, however, most owners are not familiar with the operation of these devices.
There are two main types of smoke detectors. This is what you need to know about both types and the distinctions between the two.
Different Types of Smoke Detectors:
Most homeowners do not know that smoke detectors come in two types: ionization smoke detectors and photoelectric smoke detectors. At this point, you may wonder why someone bothers to know the difference.
While it may not be the most fascinating article to read, knowing how ionization and photoelectric detectors work differently can save your life one day.
Ionization Smoke Detectors:
This types of smoke detector uses ionized particles to detect the presence of smoke. Each ionization smoke detector contains a small amount of radioactive material, which is placed between two electrically charged plates. The reaction between these components causes the ionization of the air. This in turn makes a current between the two plates.
When smoke enters the detector, the current is interrupted and the alarm is activated. It is known that ionization smoke detectors work best with burning fires; These are fires with open and aggressive flames. Its effectiveness with other types of fires, such as latent fires, is not as good. That’s why we have another type of smoke detector.
Photoelectric Smoke Detectors:
The second most popular types of smoke detectors are photoelectric detectors. Unlike ionization detectors, these detectors use a light source detect for smoke and a light sensor to detect smoke.
Once the smoke enters the detection chamber, the smoke particles block the light beam and partially reflect the light in the sensors. This in turn activates the alarm.
Since many smoking fires fill the room with unsafe fumes and smoke before moving on to the open flame stage, these types of detectors tend to be better at early detection.
Which Type of Smoke Detector Should You Choose?
The only real way to improve your safety is to install both types of smoke detectors in each room where a smoke detector may be necessary. The truth is that you simply cannot predict what kind of fire you can find.
Since the 1970s, all smoke detectors have become affordable enough for almost all homeowners. There are few reasons why you cannot have ionization and photoelectric detectors in your home.
Different Power Supply Options:
Now that we have covered the main types of smoke detectors, we need to address different ways of supplying energy to the detectors. There are usually two options, which work, but one of them is definitely a safer and more reliable option.
Most detectors work with batteries. Since smoke detectors generally do not use much energy, many of these battery-powered models require very little maintenance annually.
However, each battery has a limit and you don’t want to find yourself in a fire with a dead smoke detector. There is nothing intrinsically wrong with battery operated smoke detectors, but you must be absolutely attentive to the replacement of spent batteries.
Hard-Wired Smoke Detectors:
The alternative to battery-operated smoke detectors are wired detectors. As the name implies, these detectors are connected directly to your home’s electrical system. Generally speaking, this method of supplying energy to the entire smoke detector network is much more reliable and requires less maintenance.
Best of all, while these detectors still require batteries, batteries are not the primary energy source. On the contrary, the batteries act as the emergency power source to ensure that it is still protected in the event of a power failure.
In Massachusetts, houses built between 1975 and 1998 must have smoke detectors interconnected by cable outside the rooms and a floor detector.
How to Make the Most of Your Smoke Detectors:
Smoke detectors, regardless of type, are your first line of fire defense. Despite that, many owners tend to neglect them. Simply by orderly replacing the batteries of your smoke detectors, you are Generally reducing your chances of being a victim of a home fire.
Smoke detectors will not help you if they have dead batteries. If you really want to be aware of this problem, we strongly recommend that you install wired smoke detectors in your next remodeling project.
Understanding the Importance of Smoke Detectors:
Smoke detectors have much more than most owners think. The truth is that, even in new buildings and houses, smoke detection systems may be poorly designed and less effective.
Your responsibility as a landlord or tenant is to make sure you have adequate smoke detector coverage. Investing in this security measure will pay dividends if you end up experiencing a house fire.
To know more about Smoke Detectors you can check here: How We Test Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Detectors