Types of Winter Sports In The World

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Types of Winter Sports

Types of Winter Sports

Winter is that time of year that allows all kinds of fun and outdoor activities. It is possible to exert some physical strength, without spilling a drop of sweat, all thanks to the cool and dry climate.

In different countries, this climate varies. In some places, winter means a relaxing freshness or a pinch in the air. And in other places, winter is a great white snow.

There are certain sports that are played specifically in the winter months, taking into account the unique weather conditions, especially snow and ice.

Naturally, these are specialized types of winter sports that cannot be played at any other time of the year. There are several winter sports that are played all over the world.

Types of Winter Sports:



Alpine skiing is one of the sport modes known as skiing. It began to be practiced in the Alps. Therefore, receive this name. In competitions, the objective is to make the descent in the shortest possible time, following a winding route marked by individual beacons called Gates.

Ice skating art:

Ice skating consists of playing music types of skating on an ice rink, performing pirouettes, jumps and acrobatics. The judges value these elements following a punctuation code that takes into account both the technical and sporting aspects of performance and artistic production.

Although recreational skating has been practiced for several centuries, figure skating emerged in the 19th century and experienced several technical and stylistic developments until it reached its current form.

The International Ice Skating Union organizes international competitions in the modalities of individual figure skating, couple skating, ice dancing and synchronized skating.

Ice skating is a winter sport, although it is generally practiced throughout the year. Competitive skating requires proper physical preparation and intensive training.

Types of Winter Sports


Snowboarding or snowboard surfing is the most practiced extreme sport in the world, where a snowboard is used to slide on a snow-covered slope.

The equipment necessary to practice it is the table above, snowboard bindings and boots. It became an Olympic winter sport in 1998. Vote your favorite winter sport among the best.

Winter sports are those whose practice is related to snow or ice, whether in natural conditions or artificially propagated. Usually, they are practiced during the winter months, hence their name.


Sledding or sledding is an Olympic winter sport that, together with the luge and the skeleton, represents different modes of sledding.

Like the luge and the skeleton, its origin is located in the Swiss Alps at the end of the 19th century. Specifically, the world’s first bobsleigh club was founded in 1897 in St. Louis.

Moritz, Switzerland and from there spread to other parts of Europe. The first competitions we can consider official date from 1914. The International Bobsleigh Federation was founded in 1923.

In bobsleigh, there are two modes, bobs to two and arcs to 4 (no individual bobsleigh). The first World Championships were held in 1924, only for 4 arches, while in 1931 two arches were already included.

However, the main advances occurred in the field of materials, in two aspects: the new steel and fiberglass sleds for the manufacture of which the latest technological advances in aerodynamics are used, and not least, the pending ones artificial in which you can get really amazing.

speeds, with which the first practitioners of this sport could never have dreamed. The ice rinks have narrow, winding and pearly paths, with a certain number of turns to the right and left.

Ski jump:

Ski jumping is an Olympic winter sport that consists of descending on skis along a ramp to reach speed and then begin the flight to land as far as possible.

Ski jumping is one of the most spectacular tests in winter sports and is attractive even to those who are not very fond of these sports.

It is a test that has an excellent technical difficulty and, therefore, requires a lot of preparation, since the skier not only has to jump as far as possible, but must do so safely and land safely.

An accident would not only subtract your score, but it would often have tragic consequences for the athlete.

As if that were not enough, during the flight you must take care of the harmony and aesthetics of the movement, since in addition to the distance, some judges will value the style, influencing both factors in the final score.


A snowmobile or snowmobile is a land vehicle propelled by a single track wheel with skis on the sides for handling. They are designed to work on snow or ice, without the need for any types of road.

Most snowmobiles run on a two-stroke engine, although four-stroke engines are increasingly popular. Although they are not designed to do this, snowmobiles can even be driven through the top layer of water if the speed is high enough.

Types of Winter Sports

Cross country ski:

Cross-country skiing, Nordic skiing or cross-country skiing began to be used as a means of transport in the Nordic countries, whose ground is covered with snow most of the year.

Previously, only the use of snowshoes was known, which, by increasing the support surface, overcame the greatest obstacle to walking on snow, such as sinking into it, sometimes so deeply that it prevents us from moving forward.

Maintaining the principle of increasing the support surface, skis can also take advantage of the sliding characteristics of frozen surfaces, providing for this purpose a ” smooth and waterproof “sole.

Its elongated shape makes it easier to stand, and the use of canes allows you to move forward using a non-sliding element.


The skeleton is an Olympic winter sport that, together with the sled and the sled, represents different modalities of sled descent.

The skeleton is the oldest of the three. He was born as such at the end of the 19th century in St. Moritz, Switzerland, when an Englishman named Child introduced a new metal sled whose shape reminded of a human skeleton, hence its name.

As in the sled and sled, it is essential to get out, which has to be explosive to gain speed as soon as possible, hence the use of special footwear with maximum adhesion.

Once the speed is reached in the first 50 meters, the pilot’s slide is placed face down on the sled, making its position as aerodynamic and flat as possible.

Ice Hockey:

Ice hockey is a sport played by 12 players with skates divided into two teams that play on an ice rink. The objective is to direct a rubber disk with a long stick to try to score in the opponent’s goal.

This variant of hockey is characterized by being a physical sport; Players can perform body loads on the opponent to try to take control of the disc, so they are generally equipped with all kinds of protections.

It is also one of the fastest games, because the friction of driving and ice skating is minimal, and one of the few sports that allows you to make player changes without restrictions and without the need to interrupt the game. .

It was invented at the end of the 19th century in Canada, where it is its national sport.1 In addition, it is also quite popular in the United States, Sweden, Finland, Central Europe and Russia, and is even considered the main hockey.

variant in northern hemisphere countries with cold climates. Its main international governing body is the International Ice Hockey Federation.

To know more about Winter Sports you can check here: Top 10 Best Winter Sports In The World